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Your uneven skin tone may not be pigmentation

Years can be added to our appearance by an uneven skin tone, which is instrumental in prematurely ageing us. Despite previous assumptions, recent research indicates that the process of cells producing melanin termed melanogenesis is in fact only responsible for approximately seven percent of uneven skin tone. A larger trigger is actually poor hydration levels combined with exfoliation.

Recent tests have found that from the 2000 genes that were changed which had a direct correlation with pigmentation only amounted to seven percent. Whereas 93 percent showed a correlation with four further factors; decreased hydration, decreased exfoliation, decreased ability to respond to oxidative stress (free radical damage) causing increased inflammation.

Reduced exfoliation: melanin accumulates on the surface of your skin, which creates dark spots. By exfoliating you are removing the dead skin cells, which will in turn largely remove this build up of melanin in the dead skin cells.

Decreased hydration: the exfoliation process relies on the connective bonds between the dead skin cells being weakened by skin enzymes, which rely on hydration. It is important to keep yourself hydrated to stop these enzymes becoming sluggish. Most people are advised to drink at least 2 litres of water a day. You can also help boost the ceramides within your skin by using Hydratime® day cream and Nutritime® night cream that deeply nourish and provide the complete range of ceramides in combination with other functional ingredients which support skin lipid density. Hydration is achieved by the activity of Hyaluronic Acid and Saccharide Isomerate enhancing moisture levels.

Increased inflammation: free radicals that cause damage to the skin cells are triggered by UV rays. The inflammatory response that is triggered is a form of stress. Blood flow is increased along with enzymes and white blood cells being sent to the site of the trauma and inflammation in order to repair and protect the skin. It is important to protect yourself from the UV rays with a recommended minimum SPF30. Sunwards® is a new form of sun protection and sun block. The Synchroblock technology in the Sunwards® system prevents the absorption of chemical filters into skin cell walls, keeping them in the cream matrix thus preventing the risk of irritation by SPFs which very common in standard sun screens and leads to redness which is wrongly thought to be sunburn. Sunwards still provides an effective ultraviolet radiation screen.

Decreased ability to respond to oxidative stress: free radicals are also triggered by UV rays. The enzymes and antioxidants that are responsible for ‘soaking up’ these free radicals reduce over time. Many companies sell antioxidant solutions, serums and tablets. But what they don't tell you is that the number one free radical created in the skin (from UV exposure and invasive skin treatments) is the superoxide free radical. This free radical cannot be neutralised by antioxidants so remains free to cause extensive damage to collagen, elastin and hyaluronic acid fibres, damaging cells and leading to skin problems - thread veins, pigmentation, age spots and visible sun damage Synchrovit C® is a revolutionary enzyme treatment containing the enzyme, Super Oxide Dismutase (SOD) combined with L-ascorbic acid (active vitamin C) and zinc. SOD forces superoxide to convert immediately to the weaker hydroxyl free radical; allowing the ascorbic acid to neutralise it. The zinc triples the activity of ascorbic acid and boosts the performance of SOD.

 

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