Symptoms of Rosacea

  • Skin Hyper-Sensitivity:

Facial skin hyper-sensitivity is due to the sensitivity of the inflammatory processes in the skin triggered by sensitive, inflamed blood vessels where enzyme processes and inflammatory chemicals are triggered by the slightest stimulation. The dilation of blood vessels to hormonal, dietary and topical triggers especially sun and wind is an important part of the process but it is misleading to rosacea sufferers to say it is merely due to sensitive blood vessels, and not sensitive skin processes.

  • Frequent Facial Flushing:

Facial flushing is the classic symptom of rosacea. In all simplicity, flushing is the result of increased blood flow through dilated facial peripheral vessels. This sets of the cascade process described previously and it not true to say reddening is purely due to the amount of blood flowing through the skin as described by other authors on the subject such as Geoffrey Nase in the USA. Depending on the individual and their level of control, a facial flush can be transient (lasting only seconds), or prolonged (lasting for days, weeks or even months).

  • Telangiectasia – broken veins (tel-an-ji-ek-tasia):

These are tiny broken blood vessels that are permanently dilated and may involve individual vessel walls breaking down and effectively merging with others. These blood vessels look like fine red lines running through the skin typically in the cheeks and around the nostrils.

  • Distortion of Facial Tissue – Phyma (fi-ma)

Uneven skin is caused through fluid build up, free radical generated tissue damage whereby repair processes are failing to cope with localized swelling and damage leading to tissue thickening and fibrosis.

Rhinophyma (rhino = nose) is characterized by increased tissue growth of the nose. Rhinophyma can take on different forms. In most cases the nose is chronically red and inflamed with thickened skin with large pores. In some forms there is increased growth and number of sebaceous glands. The nose often is larger henceforth with a bulbous appearance.

  • Papules, Pustules and Macules:

Papules are small pinhead sized red bump. Pustules are little water spots with pus, and Macules are angry red larger deeper looking spots which are often sore to the touch.

  • Ocular Symptoms:

Ocular rosacea is also vascular in origin, but secondary causes may exacerbate the condition. Symptoms include inflammation of the eye surface, the eye lids, scales and crusting on eye lids and eye lashes, swelling of the eye lids, dry eye syndrome and/or watery eyes and blood shot eyes.

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